Exploring the dynamic response of porous media is of paramount importance across industrial sectors ranging from civil engineering to defense. However, the behavior of porous media under high strain rate loading is infrequently characterized and poorly understood. The incorporation of water giving rise to a partially saturated state further exacerbates the challenges in evaluating the response of such materials under dynamic conditions. We aim to address current deficiencies by exploring the compressive high strain rate behavior of partially saturated porous media via experimental testing using a modified split Hopkinson pressure bar.
Materials consisting of Sydney sand and glass beads were examined under strain rates ranging from 800 s-1 to 2100 s-1 at saturations from 0% to 90%. It was identified that the stress-strain response is highly complex and sensitive to multiple controlled parameters including strain rate, grain shape, specimen gradation, initial dry density, and confinement environment, which are all in turn further influenced by the degree of saturation. Experimental results extracted as part of this study will aid in the development and calibration of multi-scale multi-phase constitutive mechanical models with the potential for implementation throughout engineering practice.
Wang, S., Shen, L., Nguyen, G.D., Maggi, F., El-Zein, A., Zheng, Y. (2019). An empirical approach for the quantification of uniaxial compressive stress-strain of partially saturated granular media under high strain rates. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 120, 245-256
Wang, S., Shen, L., Maggi, F., El-Zein, A., Nguyen, G.D., Zheng, Y., Zhang, H., Chen, Z. (2018). Influence of dry density and confinement environment on the high strain rate response of partially saturated sand. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 116, 65-78
Wang, S., Flores-Johnson, E.A., Shen, L. (2017). A Technique for the Elimination of Stress Waves Overlapping in the Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar. Experimental Techniques, 41, 345-355
Wang, S., Shen, L., Maggi, F., El-Zein, A., Nguyen, G.D. (2017). Uniaxial compressive behavior of partially saturated granular media under high strain rates. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 102, 156-168
Flores-Johnson, E.A., Wang, S., Maggi, F., El Zein, A., Gan, Y., Nguyen, G.D., Shen, L. (2016). Discrete element simulation of dynamic behavior of partially saturated sand. International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design, 12 (4), 495-507
Wang, S., Shen, L., Maggi, F., El-Zein, A. & Nguyen, G.D. (2016). High strain rate behavior of unsaturated sand. 10th International Conference on Structural Integrity and Failure (SIF-2016): Advances in Materials and Structures, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia